18 Latinx Trailblazers Your Kids Should Know

Sandra Cisneros, one of the first Mexican-American writers to be published by a mainstream publisher, discusses her latest work

From artists to astronauts and writers to politicians, many great Latinx American history makers have inspired the world

September is National Latinx Heritage Month, making it the perfect time to introduce the kiddos to historical figures that changed the world. After all, celebrating the contributions these Latinx-American heroes have made to our country helps us find unity in our diversity. This list includes social activists, scientists, and artists that have made a lasting impact.


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Bianca Jagger

The Nicaraguan-born Bianca Jagger is a former actress and lifelong human rights activist.
photo: See Li from London, UK, CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons

The Nicaraguan-born Bianca Jagger is a former actress and lifelong human rights activist. She founded the human rights foundation that bears her name, which fights to support indigenous people, address climate change and end violence against women and girls. In 1981 she was part of a US congressional delegation that chased after a Honduran death squad to liberate 40 captured refugees.

Related: 22 Black Heroes Your Kids Should Know By Name

Jean-Michel Basquiat

LatinX hero Jean-Michel Basquiat was an American neo-expressionist artist of Haitian and Puerto-Rican descent
photo: Galerie Bruno Bischofberger, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Jean-Michel Basquiat was an American neo-expressionist artist of Haitian and Puerto-Rican descent. His art was overtly political, attacking systemic power structures and racism. This Latinx hero’s work is still shown globally, years after his death, as the themes he tackled still feel relevant today.

Elizabeth Martinez

LatinX hero Elizabeth Martinez is a writer, editor, publisher, social activist and feminist who helped define the Chicana movement
photo: Jerome Rainey, CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Elizabeth Martinez held many roles during her life—writer, editor, publisher, social activist, and feminist, to name but a few. She helped define the Chicana movement and was one of the early voices to discuss overlapping systems of oppression before the term intersectionality became mainstream. Martinez’s book 500 Years of Chicano History in Pictures is widely taught in elementary and secondary schools.

 

Luis Alvarez

Luis Alvarez was a physicist and LatinX hero who worked on several World War II-era radar projects
photo: Unknown authorUnknown author, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Luis Alvarez was a physicist who worked on several World War II-era radar projects, including a system that helped guide planes used during the Berlin airlift of 1948. In 1968 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his development of the hydrogen bubble chamber.

Ellen Ochoa

Engineer Ellen Ochoa is a hero who made history as the first Latinx woman to go to space aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery
photo: NASA on The Commons / No restrictions via Wikimedia Commons

Engineer Ellen Ochoa is a hero who made history as the first Latinx woman to go to space aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery. She would later go on to become the first Latinx director of the Johnson Space Center. 

Franklin Chang-Diaz

LatinX hero Franklin Chang-Diaz smiles from a control center in space
photo: NASA on The Commons / No restrictions via Wikimedia Commons

Franklin Chang-Diaz is a physicist who became the first male Hispanic-American astronaut selected by NASA to go into space. He flew seven space shuttle missions and worked on fusion propulsion projects with Mars mission applications.

Juan Felipe Herrera

A portrait of LatinX hero Juan Felipe Herrera, the 21st United States Poet Laureate from 2015 to 2017, in front of a hand-drawn background
photo: slowking, GFDL 1.2 via Wikimedia Commons

Juan Felipe Herrera was the 21st United States Poet Laureate from 2015 to 2017. His early experiences as a migratory farm worker in California have strongly influenced his creative works, such as 187 Reasons Mexicanos Can’t Cross the Border.

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

A portrait of LatinX hero Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, the youngest woman ever to serve in the United States Congress, in front of an American flag
photo: Franmarie Metzler; U.S. House Office of Photography, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is the youngest woman ever to serve in the United States Congress. Her victory over Joe Crowley is widely regarded as one of the biggest upsets of the 2018 midterm primaries. Since taking office, this Latinx hero has worked on issues around climate change and low-wage workers’ rights.

Baruj Benecerraf

A black and white photo of LatinX hero and immunologist Baruj Benacerraf
photo: Unknown author / Public domain via National Institutes of Health, part of the United States Department of Health and Human Services

Baruj Benacerraf was an immunologist who uncovered the process that the immune system uses to identify which cells belong in our bodies, and which should trigger an immune response. He, Jean Dausset, and George D. Snell earned a Nobel Prize in 1980 for their discovery.

Sandra Cisneros

Sandra Cisneros, one of the first Mexican-American writers to be published by a mainstream publisher, discusses her latest work
photo: Gage Skidmore from Peoria, AZ, United States of America, CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Sandra Cisneros is a writer best known for her book The House on Mango Street. She is generally acknowledged as the first Mexican-American writer to be published by a mainstream publisher. She is a key Chicana literary figure both in Texas and among the Mexican diaspora.

Maribel Dominguez

Mexico-born soccer player Maribel Dominguez is out on the field playing a game
photo: Hmlarson, CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Mexico-born soccer player Maribel Dominguez immigrated to the US in 2002 to play for the Kansas City Mystics and went on to play for the Chicago Red Stars during the 2013 season of the National Women’s Soccer League. She made international headlines in 2004 when she signed with Atletico Celaya (a men’s team in Mexico), but FIFA barred her from joining the club.

Jorge Ramos

Mexican-American journalist Jorge Ramos speaks in a crowd.
photo: Gage Skidmore from Peoria, AZ, United States of America / CC BY-SA via Wikimedia Commons

Jorge Ramos is a Mexican-American journalist for the Spanish-language news network Univision. Based in Miami, he is a trusted news source among the national Latinx community. He earned the Walter Cronkite Award for excellence in television political journalism in 2017. 

Related: 81 Amazing Facts Every Kid Should Know

Nicole Hernandez Hammer

Climate-science advocate Nicole Hernandez Hammer gazes out the window while traveling
photo: NMHHE, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons

In 1992, when she was only 16 years old, Nicole Hernandez Hammer lost her South Florida home to Hurricane Andrew. It was a defining moment that led Hammer to study climate science and sea-level rise, which can disproportionally affect Latinx communities. Hammer served as a climate-science advocate at the Union of Concerned Scientists and her work was so prominent that she was First Lady Michelle Obama’s guest to the 2015 State of the Union address. 

Raul Julia

A dramatic black and white shot of successful Puerto Rican actor Raul Julia
photo: movie studio, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

For many, Puerto Rican actor Raul Julia was best known for his role as Gomez Adams of The Addams Family. But his acting career spanned both screen and theatre, earning him a nomination for the Tony Award and two nominations for the Golden Globe Award. He won a posthumous Golden Globe, Primetime Emmy, and the Screen Actors Guild Award for his work in The Burning Season.

Sonia Sotomayor

A color portrait of Sonia Sotomayor, the first Latina to become a member of the US Supreme Court
photo: Sonia Sotomayor in SCOTUS robe.jpg: Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States, Steve Petteway sourcederivative work: Tktru, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Sonia Sotomayor is the first Latina to become a member of the US Supreme Court. Born in the Bronx in New York, she self-identifies as Nuyorican—a member of the Puerto Rican diaspora located in New York City. She has written dissenting opinions on issues of racial and ethnic profiling.

Sylvia Mendez

a profile shot of LatinX her Sylvia Mendez speaking into a microphone
photo: US Department of Agriculture / Public domain via Wikimedia Commons

Sylvia Mendez is a Mexican-Puerto Rican American who played a key role in desegregating California schools. When the Westminster school district declined to admit the Mendez children into the local school due to their skin color, the family took the district to court. In the 1947 federal court case Mendez v. Westminster, the court ruled that forced segregation was unconstitutional, setting a precedent for ending segregation in the US.

Cesar Chavez

A black and white photo of LatinX hero Cesar Chavez
photo: Joel Levine, CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Cesar Chavez is a LatinX hero best known as the civil rights activist and labor leader who co-founded the National Farm Workers Association with fellow activist Dolores Huerta. His work led to the passing of the California Agricultural Labor Relations Act of 1975, which granted farmworkers the right to collective bargaining. In 1994 he post-humously received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Related: 4 New Inspiring Books to Read to Your Kids Right Now

 

Raffi Freedman-Gurspan

transgender rights activist Raffi Freedman-Gurspan speaks in front of an American flag and is known as one of our LatinX heroes
photo: US Department of Labor, CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Raffi Freedman-Gurspan is a transgender rights activist. In 2015 she became the first openly transgender person to work as a White House staffer for President Barack Obama. Freedman-Gurspan has worked on criminal justice and incarceration reform, homeless shelter policies as well as other issues facing transgender people of color.

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